A bunion (Hallux valgus) looks like a "bump" on the joint of the big toe; however, these bumps are not calluses. Instead they result from the bones in your foot becoming misaligned. Usually, the big toe is leaning inward towards the middle toe giving the appearance of a bump on the joint. Bunions are a progressive disease that warrants treatment early on. While some people may never have symptoms, most people experience pain at the base of the big toe near the joint, redness at the big toe joint, pain such as a burning sensation associated with activity, pain when wearing shoes, and numbness in the big toe.
One of the causes of bunions is heredity. You may have inherited a faulty foot bone structure that makes you more prone to bunions. Flat feet are also a culprit and younger patients may be diagnosed with bunions because of hyper-flexibility. While wearing shoes that are too tight, high heels that crowd the toes, and spending a lot of time on your feet won’t cause bunions, these situations can exacerbate the problem and symptoms will appear immediately and be more severe. For these reasons, women are treated for bunions more often than men.